Several species of local solitary bees and wasps will multiply in dense arrays of artificial cavities, and can be identified in the field by their nests to species or group. Beginning in 2001, numerous detailed published records from KSR (and two other localities) give species of bees, wasps and major parasites, counts of stage to stage survival, and losses due to parasitism, pests or pathogens. Only two of the local solitary bee species are commercially important in Canada, but understanding all aspects of the propagation of all local bees and solitary wasps is vital for maintaining or regenerating populations in the face of changing land use. Comparable artificial nests are widely recommended to the public; fortunately the project can address long term hygiene –already a concern with commercially managed pollinators.
Principal Investigator: Peter E. Hallett